September 21st is International Day of Peace, and GenUN is challenging campus chapters nationwide to show the best way to thank a UN Peacekeeper. With the International Day of Peace being just a week away, here are 10 Facts that you need to know about UN Peacekeeping.
1. United Nations Peacekeeping was created in 1948
Its first mission involved the establishment of the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO), which served to observe and maintain ceasefire during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
2. UN Peacekeeping maintains three basic principles
Consent of the parties
Non-use of Force except in self-defense and defense of the mandate
3. The UN Peacekeepers are led by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DKPO)
4. Since its inception, 69 Peacekeeping Operations have been deployed by the UN
56 Operations have been put in action since 1988. Hundreds and thousands of people including Military Personnel, Police officers, and Civilians from 120 Countries have contributed to UN Peacekeeping Operations.
5. There are currently 17 UN peace operations deployed on four continents
This includes 16 peacekeeping operations, and 1 special political mission led by the DKPO
6. UN Peacekeepers are from diverse backgrounds, from areas all around the world
11,420 Police Officers
1,788 Military Observers
17,277 Civilian Personnel
1,798 UN Volunteers
7. 30% of UN Peacekeepers are women
Between 1957 and 1989, only 20 women served as uniformed UN peacekeepers.
Today, there are more than 5,000 female uniformed and civilian peacekeepers. Learn more about these brave women here.
8. The UN Peacekeeping Force won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988
9. May 29th is the International Day of UN Peacekeepers
Not to be confused with the International Day of Peace on September 21st, The International Day of Peacekeepers serves to honor the memory of UN Peacekeepers who have lost their lives, and pay tribute to all the men and women who have served and continue to serve in UN peacekeeping operations for their high level of professionalism, dedication and courage.
10. On September 15th, the UN Peacekeeping Mission in the CAR (Central African Republic) began its mandate to protest and support CAR civilians in the political transition
7,500 peacekeepers have already committed, and more are expected to assist come early 2015.
All Facts from UN.org
Ready to take action and support peacekeepers now? Participate in our Thank a Peacekeeper contest- the deadline is September 30!